What is Child Abuse?

What is Child Abuse?

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Child abuse is doing or failing to do something that results in harm or risk of harm to a child.

 Types of Child Abuse?

  • Sexual
  • Physical
  • Neglect
  • Emotional

 Sexual Abuse

  • Any sexual activity that a child cannot comprehend or consent to.
  • Includes:
    • Fondling
    • Oral-genital contact
    • Genital and anal intercourse
    • Exhibitionism
    • Voyeurism
    • Exposure to pornography

 Physical Abuse

  • Occurs when a child’s body is injured as a result of hitting, kicking, shaking, burning, or other show of force.

Neglect

  • Includes:
    • physical neglect (failing to provide food, clothing, shelter, or other physical necessities)
    • emotional neglect (failing to provide love, comfort, or affection)
    • medical neglect (failing to provide needed medical care)

 Emotional Abuse

  • Results from all of the above.
  • Can be associated with verbal abuse, which can harm a child’s self-worth or emotional well-being.
 Did You Know?

  • Most often children are abused by a caregiver or someone they know, not a stranger.
  • 1 in 20 children have been physically abused in their lifetime.
  • The majority of cases reported to Child Protective Services involve neglect, followed by physical and sexual abuse.
  • Studies have suggested that up to one in four girls and one in six boys will be sexually abused before they are eighteen years old.

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More information can be found on the following pages: